Introduction to Nutrition: Why Nutrition is important

Food and Nutrition

Nutrition is the specialized science of food, which mainly explains in detail the interrelationship between food and the functionality of food in the organism. Chemistry and physiology are the foundation of Nutrition, Food, Nutrients, and other ingredients, In Nutrition their actions reactions, and balances of health and Illness, food intake, digestion, digestion transportation, utilization of simple foods.  The social Economic and diet and the role of food in maintaining health are discussed.

What science tell about Nutrition Science?

The Branch of science that deals with the connection between food, Nutrition. in line with food, it’s known as Nutrition Science.

Source of energy is Food.

What is Food?

Nutrition and growth of the organism through digestion of solid-liquid or semi-liquid food things. Eliminations heat generation, etc. are done and therefore the body’s system is developed they’re known as food.

  • Ingredients of food

Food consists mainly of six components namely

 1. Carbohydrate,

 2. Protein,

3. Fat or Lipid

4. Vitamin

5. Mineral,

6. Water

However, in many cases roughages considered as a food ingredient in nutrition.

According to the ingredients, there are six types of food, namely, etc.….

Rule of Carbohydrate

The energy that our bodies need every day for various physiological functions. Most of it comes from carbohydrate foods. Carbohydrates per gram provide, like kcal of energy.

Weight carbohydrate foods in the form of glycogen in the liver, muscles, and fats. Become stored for the future. Form this, Energy is gained by necessity.

Cellulose carbohydrates present in Vegetables in mind regulation, undigested at the end of digestion, Increases the volume of stool from the condition, and help in excretion of stool from the body.

Milk sugars from lactase to galactose galactolipids in babies helps in synthesis, which is used for the development of their brain.

Carbohydrate Containing Foods

Food that contains carbohydrates or the amount of sugar is relatively high. For example, Rice and rice-based foods, Wheat and wheat-based foods, Corn, Potato, Sago, Various fruits, Milk, Sugar, Molasses, Honey, underground stem and roots (e.g.- Potato, ole, Kachru, Sweet Potato), etc.…

Rule of Protein

The main function of the body structure and protein is to from new body cells. This is how protein is formed in the body structure helps in growth. Repair of torn or damaged cells in the body is mainly, due to protein occurs with the help of acid. Breast milk production is the synthesis of body food milk is the mammary glands from a dietary protein.

Protein as a source of energy, if energy production and the number of carbohydrates and fats in the body are low works. In addition, they are transport proteins, forming protein (Structural Protein) cell membranes etc.

Protein Containing Food: Protein Containing Food remains relatively high. Such as fish, meat, Eggs, Lamb, Pulses, soybeans, Nuts, etc.

Lipid Containing food: The amount of fat in the food remains relatively high, such as ghee, butter, fat oil and coconut oil etc.

Vitamins: Foods that are high vitamins stays. Such as green vegetables, Various fruits, Milk, eggs, Fish, meat. Etc.

Minerals: Minerals containing foods excess. Such as green vegetables, salt and water.

Water: Water taken with food: fruits juicy, Coconut water, Drinking water.

Balanced Diet: Foods that contain carbohydrates protein, fats, minerals, and water, these six elements present in the right proportions and the number of foods that are suitable for the normal functioning of the body calories are available, it is called a Balanced Diet.

Rule of Lipid or Fats

Energy Production: The main faction of fats is to produce energy. As a result of damage to the body’s cells, Bioenergy has produced form fats. Almost energy gram of fat is completely energy.

Fat is a protective tissue of various internal organs of the body. Accumulated on top keeps them in a suitable place on the body and protects them from injury or friction.

Lubricants are essential steroid hormones for the body, such as testosterone, estrogen.

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